Environment - Shelterbelts

T: 780-322-3831 | F: 780-322-3000 | Email: agservices@northernsunrise.net
Address: 10203 - 101 Avenue (Railway), Nampa AB, T0H 2R0




Trees & Landscaping

Trees are a valuable asset to any landscape

Shelterbelts

In addition to adding to the County's beauty and natural landscape, a tree system such as a shelterbelt can provide many benefits for local farm and acreage owners.  Sheltebelts can be located around farmyards, adjacent to roadsides, waterways, on field boundaries or within fields and around livestock facilities.  Properly planned shelterbelts provide many benefits including:


  • reducing wind
  • acting as visual screens
  • controlling blowing snow
  • protecting buildings and decreasing energy consumption
  • capturing atmospheric carbon
  • helping control soil erosion
  • providing habitat for wildlife
  • beautifying farmyard
  • potentially increasing property value

Planting Trees

The ideal time to plant trees and shrubs is during the dormant season and in the fall after leaf drop or early spring before bud break. Weather conditions shoud be cool to allow plants to establish roots in the new location before spring rains and summer heat stimulate new top growth.  However, trees properly cared for in the nursery or garden centre, and given the appropriate care during transport to prevent damange, can be planted throughout the growing season.


Tree Care and Diseases

Tree inspection is an evaluation tool to call attention to any change in the tree's health before the problem becomes too serious.

By providing regular inspections of mature trees at least once a year, you can prevent or reduce the severity of future disease, insect, and environmental problems.

A reduction in the extention of shoots such as buds or new leaves, is a fairly reliable cue that the tree's health has recently changed.

To evaluate this factor, compare the growth of the shoots over the past three years.  Determine whether there is a reduction in the tree's typical growth pattern.

Further signs of poor tree health are trunk decay, crown dieback, or both.  These symptoms often indicate problems that began several years before.

Loose bark or deformed growths, such as trunk conks, are common signs of stem decay.

Any abnormalities found during these inspections, including insect activity and spotted, deformed, discolored, or dead leaves and twigs, should be noted and watched closely.



Common Tree Diseases and Pests

Spider Mites   infect Colorado and White Spruce trees
Cankers   are a common fungal disease of poplar trees, killing the outer wood and bark of stems and branches
Spruce Gall Adelgid   aphid-like insects that produce galls or abnormal outgrowths on spruce trees
Forest Tent Catipillar   damage can range from a thinning of the crown to the complete defoliation of aspen, poplar and other trees and shrubs
Aphids   can cause damage to all trees and shrubs by piercing the tender plant tissue and drawing large quantities of plant sap
Yellowheaded Spruce Sawfly   larvae feed on the new needles of Colorado and White Spruce, leaving only short brown stubs
Fireblight   is a highly destructive disease of several members of the rose family

Grass Seeding

Policy 2.3 Grass Seeding
 

The Agricultural Serivces Department are responsible for re-seeding grass to newly constructed roads, borrow areas and reclamation sites owned by the County.

Purpose:  To ensure that contractors and  / or staff use appropriate seed mixture containing an acceptable weed content where ground disturbance occurs.

Scope:  Since weed control and soil conservation are important to Northern Sunrise County, all ditches affected by construction must be seeded with grass species.


Soil Conservation Act

 

Seed Mix Standard

The follwoing standards are advised to promote grass growth on disturbed areas to prevent soil erosion and reduce weed infestations.

The base grass-seed is:
  • 55% Creeping Red Fescue #1 Certified
  • 30% Tall Fescue #1 Certified
  • 15% Slender Wheat Grass #1 Common

The above seed mix is seeded at 100 lbs / acre and supplemented with 1/2 bushel / acre of annual rye or winter wheat to encourage greening and act as a cover crop.
 

Seed Mix Testing

All seed must be tested for Fusarium Graminearum.  A "Certificate of Seed Analysis" from the supplier must be submitted the
Agricultural Services Department for approval prior to purchasing any grass seed.  This ensures that all seed used is free of weeds and is of the highest quality.


Seeding Deadlines

All re-seeding must be completed no later that the spring following the previous summer's contruction.


Plant Suppliers & Nurseries





T: 1-866-873-3846 | T: 780-472-8878
F:  780-472-0460
Email: sales@treetime.ca

 
 

 


T:
 403-507-8340 | F: 403-507-2336
Email: trees@prairieshelterbeltprogram.ca
 
HELP International Shelterbelt Centre

T: 306-861-0814 | T: 306-842-2433
F:  306-848-0902
Email: helpint@sasktel.net
Email: rsidloski@help-international.com

 
 
 
T: 780-835-5292
Email: Woodmere.Nursery@wispernet.ca


 


T: 780-323-4420 | F: 780-323-3137
Email: fernsgreen@outlook.com
  Sunstar Nurseries

T: 780-472-6103 | F: 780-472-9218
Email: intosunstar@telusplanet.net